- Chapter 1: Introduction
- Chapter 2: Spatial Strategy for Achieving Sustainable Development
- Chapter 3: Supporting Sustainable Transport
- Chapter 4: Housing
- Chapter 5: Building a Strong, Competitive Economy
- Chapter 6: Tackling Climate Change, Adaptation and Resilience
- Chapter 7: Quality Design and Conserving and Enhancing the Historic Environment
- Chapter 8: Conserving and Enhancing the Natural Environment
- Chapter 9: Ensuring the Vitality of Town and Local Centres and Providing Communities with Facilities and Services
- Appendix A: Monitoring Framework
- Appendix B: Planning Use Classes
- Appendix C: Car Parking Standards Worked Example
First Draft Watford Local Plan 2020-2036
Erratum: Draft site allocation H9 ‘Land adjacent to Callowland Allotments’ (page 48 of the printed consultation document) was considered as part of the Housing and Land Availability Assessment, however, it was determined that the site would not be progressed. The site has been included in error and will not be progressed beyond this consultation.
Non-motorised forms of transport, such as walking and cycling.
Housing for sale or for rent for those whose needs are not being met by the market. This includes social rented housing, affordable rented housing and intermediate housing.
Authority Monitoring Report (AMR)
A report submitted to the Government by local planning authorities which assesses the Local Development Framework production process and the effectiveness of policies.
BREEAM (Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method)
First published by the Building Research Establishment (BRE) in 1990, BREEAM is the world's longest established method of assessing, rating and certifying the sustainability of buildings.
Land that has previously been developed for industrial, commercial or residential purposes.
Standards set for design and construction which apply to most new buildings and alterations to existing buildings in England and Wales.
This is where the amount of carbon emitted by an organisation or entity is offset by carbon emission savings made by, or associated with, the organisation.
Development where residents rely less on private vehicles and more on sustainable modes of travel, such as walking, cycling and taking public transport.
Community Infrastructure Levy (CIL)
A standard fee that is applied to all new major development to support infrastructure delivery. Introduced by the Planning Act (2008).
An area designated under the Planning Act 1990 (Listed Buildings and Conservation) as being of special historic or architectural interest to be preserved and enhanced.
Controlled Parking Zones
An area where all on street parking is controlled and restricted.
Money that those developing sites will pay to support the delivery of infrastructure required by the development. This could be through the Community Infrastructure Levy (CIL) or a Section 106 Agreement.
East of England Forecast Model
Prepared by Cambridge Econometrics, this is a tool used to set out job projections using a variety of baseline forecasts for the East of England and sub-region.
Exception Test (Flooding)
A test applied to sites with flood risk, where there are not enough suitable sites with lower risk of flooding available for allocation. The test is required to show that the sites with flood risk will be safe to develop and that any sustainability benefits of developing the site will outweigh the flood risk.
Shared working space, often used by those who work remotely.
A strategic land use designation that exists to restrict urban sprawl, protect the countryside from encroachment, stop the merging of towns and encourage the recycling of brownfield land.
Networks of multi-functional green spaces which deliver environmental and social benefits for communities. This can include parks and gardens, green corridors, natural green spaces, amenity green space and allotments, amongst other green spaces.
A unit of measurement commonly used to measure land. 1 hectare = 10,000 sqm = 2.5 acres.
Housing mix and tenure
The range of unit sizes (1 bed, 2 bed, 3 bed units) and tenure types (market and affordable housing) in a development.
Locally Listed Building
Buildings or monuments of local interest that contribute to the heritage, identity and streetscape of Watford. Locally listed buildings do not merit statutory listing under the Planning Act (1990), but are considered to be of architectural or historic value.
In terms of residential development, greater than 10 dwellings or 0.5 hectares. In terms of other development, a floor space greater than 1000 sqm would be considered to be major development.
Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government (MHCLG)
The Government department responsible for planning and local government.
In terms of residential development, less than 10 dwellings or 0.5 hectares. In terms of other development, a floor space lower than 1000 sqm would be considered to be minor development.
Mixed Use Development
A development that is comprised of different land uses, such as employment and residential uses.
Nationally Listed Building
A building or monument that has been judged to be of national historical or architectural interest under the Planning Act (1990). This subjects it to additional protection.
National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF)
A national policy document which provides the framework to guide local planning authorities, particularly when preparing a Local Plan. It sets out how planners at the local level can steer development towards sustainable solutions, by providing an overarching national policy approach to follow.
Objectively Assessed Need (OAN)
A method of calculating of the number of homes required in a local authority area, without considering the impact of policy constraints on delivery. This figure will change annually as national projections are revised. For Watford, this figure is currently 793 dwellings per annum. The capacity of a borough to meet its objectively assessed need is assessed as part of site capacity work, including the Housing and Economic Land Availability Assessment (HELAA).
Discomfort to occupants of a building caused by highly insulated and airtight buildings with inadequate natural or mechanical ventilation systems.
The ratio of the floor area of a building to the land on which it sits. It is often used to measure how intensively land is being used.
Local Plan policies and proposals identified on an Ordnance Survey Map.
Primary shopping frontages
An area that is dominated by retail uses, which may include food, drinks, clothing and household goods.
Parts of the town that are free and accessible for everyone to use, including streets, public squares and open spaces.
The retail hierarchy classifies and ranks retail areas based upon their capacity to provide certain types of retail units and the distance that a customer would be prepared to travel to reach them.
Secondary shopping frontages
A retailing area that includes a greater diversity of uses than primary shopping frontages. This may include restaurants, cinemas and employment uses, including offices.
A reference to Section 106 of the Town and Country Planning Act (1990) which allows a local planning authority to enter a legal agreement with a developer to directly finance the necessary infrastructure to support a new development.
Self-Build and Custom Build Housing
When an individual, or a group of individuals, organises the design and construction of their own home.
Single and Dual Aspect
A dwelling that is single aspect only has windows on one side of the dwelling. A dwelling that is dual aspect has windows on more than one side.
Sequential Test (Flooding)
A test that aims to steer new development to the areas with the lowest probability of flooding.
Sequential Test (Retail)
A test that aims to steer main town centre uses towards town centre locations first. If no town centre locations are available, the test steers the uses towards edge of centre locations next, then out of centre locations (with preference for sites that are well-connected to the town centre).
Surface Water Flooding
Flooding caused by rainwater that cannot be absorbed into the ground.
Defined by the United Nations General Assembly as 'meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs'. In terms of planning, the National Planning Policy Framework states that sustainable development should be viewed in a social, economic and environmental context.
Sustainable Drainage Systems (SuDS)
An approach to drainage which seeks to decrease the amount of surface runoff, decrease the velocity of surface runoff, or divert it for other purposes. This reduces the risk of sewer discharge and flooding.
Town Centre Uses
Defined by the National Planning Policy Framework as retail development (including warehouse clubs and factory outlet centres); leisure, entertainment and more intensive sport and recreation uses (including cinemas, restaurants, drive-through restaurants, bars and pubs, nightclubs, casinos, health and fitness centres, indoor bowling centres and bingo halls); offices; and arts, culture and tourism development (including theatres, museums, galleries and concert halls, hotels and conference facilities).
A comprehensive review that sets out transport issues relating to a proposed development. The assessment also identifies measures to improve accessibility and safety for different travel modes, including walking and cycling.
A long term management strategy for a site that seeks to deliver sustainable transport objectives.
The pattern of plots and buildings in an area or neighbourhood that define the urban landscape.
The Town and Country Planning Order (1987) places different land uses into categories. In practice, changes between use classes are likely to require planning permission. A list of the planning use classes can be found in Appendix B.
Ensuring that developer costs and policy obligations do not compromise the deliverability of a development.
Development sites that are not specifically identified in the Local Plan.